Types of Tornadoes: Understanding their Intensity and Damage

Types of Tornadoes: Understanding their Intensity and Damage



Tornadoes come in various types based on their strength and the damage they inflict. The widely accepted system for classifying tornadoes is the Enhanced Fujita Scale (EF-Scale). This scale rates tornadoes on a scale from EF0 to EF5, considering estimated wind speeds and resulting destruction. Let's explore the different categories of tornadoes:

1. EF0 Tornado: These tornadoes have wind speeds ranging from 65 to 85 mph (105-137 km/h). They typically cause minor damage, such as broken branches, slight roof damage, and chimney issues.

2. EF1 Tornado: EF1 tornadoes feature wind speeds between 86 and 110 mph (138-177 km/h). They can result in moderate damage, including roof damage, shattered windows, and mobile homes being overturned.

3. EF2 Tornado: With wind speeds ranging from 111 to 135 mph (178-217 km/h), EF2 tornadoes bring considerable destruction. They can demolish mobile homes, cause significant damage to roofs and outer walls of well-built houses, and uproot trees.

4. EF3 Tornado: EF3 tornadoes have wind speeds between 136 and 165 mph (218-266 km/h). They cause severe damage, including the destruction of well-constructed homes, uprooting of large trees, and the overturning of vehicles.

5. EF4 Tornado: These tornadoes have wind speeds between 166 and 200 mph (267-322 km/h). EF4 tornadoes bring devastating damage, including the collapse of sturdy houses, debarking of trees, and the displacement of vehicles.

6. EF5 Tornado: EF5 tornadoes are the most intense and destructive. With wind speeds exceeding 200 mph (322 km/h), they can level well-built houses, strip bark off trees, and leave behind catastrophic devastation.

Keep in mind that tornadoes can vary in size, duration, and intensity within each category. While the EF-Scale is widely used in the United States, other countries may employ different scales to describe tornadoes.


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